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This article provides a guide to creating Activity-Based Care Plans for residents in long-term care.
A Care Plan is a document where the specific care requirements of an individual are recorded with the intention of improving and/or maintaining their well-being. It is a document that assesses what care an individual needs and how this care will be provided.
Activity-Based Care Plans are created by Activity Professionals to address the social, emotional, and spiritual well-being of residents. They should:
Activity-Based Care Plans reflect the wishes of residents regarding leisure and lifestyle choices to improve their quality of life.
Benefits of Activity-Based Care Plans include:
Start with a thorough assessment of the resident. You want to understand who they are and where they come from; their history, preferences, abilities and needs.. This will involve speaking to the resident, their family members and other staff and health care providers.
Here are some resources to help you gather this information:
Once the assessment is complete, consult with the resident, family representative and other allied health professionals (physiotherapist, music therapist, etc) to define goals and interventions. It is essential to consider cultural and religious differences, and provide support for the emotional and physical needs of residents.
Ensure you consult with family members and other staff on the resident's ability to participate in activities. By revealing barriers, plans can be made to encourage and empower residents e.g. one on one support, escorting to and fro, and assistance with activities.
The findings of the assessment combined with the resulting goals and interventions form the basis for the Activity-Based Care Plan. See the sample care plan provided with this article.
Activity-Based Care Plans should define goals and directives to bring about those goals - known as interventions. Interventions should focus on the strengths of the individual and not on the weaknesses. They must be person-centred and holistic.
Goals and interventions should be written in a way that everyone understands. Care Plans are used as educational references for new staff, family members and other care providers.
Goals - statements that expresses what one wishes to accomplish, they should be realistic and achievable. For instance if the assessment of John showed that he is in danger of social isolation or John self-declared himself as lonely, one of the goals could be to match John with some like-minded people to play cards together and form a friendship. The goal could be:
John will have the opportunity to create and maintain friendships.
Interventions - strategies to improve the quality of life of the resident. In John's case, an intervention to address the goal above could be formed by considering:
What modality? Small groups
To do what? Play cards
Location? Recreation room
When? Afternoons for 45 minutes, 3 times a week
How long? Trial of three months
So, the intervention could read:
John will be escorted to the recreation room in the afternoons to join a small group of people to play cards for 45 minutes over an initial 3 month poeriod (3 x weekly - Mon - Wed - Fri).
Some more examples of activity-based care plan interventions can be found in this article:
9 Examples Of Activity-Based Care Plan Interventions
Care Plans should be reviewed and evaluated at regular intervals (some facilities do this bi-monthly and others quarterly). They should also be revisited if a resident or family representative requests it.
Note: These instructions are by no means the only way of creating an Activity-Based Care Plan. This is just one way and it is based on my own experience. I was in charge of developing Care Plans for many years and during that time we were audited by the Health Department several times, and our Care Plans were often scrutinized without criticism.